The development of technology is currently characterized by the interdependence and complexity of systems as well as the rapid pace of innovation. From autonomous vehicles to smart manufacturing and digital transformation, technology is driven by interconnected systems rather than stand-alone products. Within this context, the IEC, IEEE and KATS invited interested academics and engineers to provide their perspectives on how these developments challenge the future of standardization.
The IEC – IEEE - KATS Challenge first place prize was awarded to Doyoung Eom together with Heejin Lee from Yonsei University in South Korea and Dong-hyu Kim from the University of Glasgow for their paper entitled New Rules for Standard-Setting and New Roles of Standardization Bodies in the era of IoT. In this paper, the authors outlined how so-called 'standard-clashes' are no longer between those in the same industry but instead between different industry sectors. They provided case studies in the areas of electrical vehicle charging and connected car communication systems.
The second place prize was awarded to Kai Jakobs from RWTH Aachen University in Germany for his paper on smart standardization. Jakobs outlined the difficulty of standardization for 'smart' systems such as smart cities and proposed the establishment of a 'smart' system single sign-on (SSO).
Three prizes were awarded for the third place. Kanika Singh and Hoseong Daniel Lee from the American Bureau of Shipping detailed the need for electrical measurement data management standards in the oil and gas industries. Daniel Masso-Aguado and Luis Diaz-Balteiro from the Universidad Politecnica de Madrid explored the implementation of a synthetic index to measure the degree of standardization in a given country. Yongrae Cho, Hyunjun Park and Eunji Mok from the Science and Technology Policy Institute together with Jeongno Lee from the Korea Electronics Technology Institute identified knowledge and technology flows between standard making communities and how they can be used to indicate industry changes.
Award winners were selected by a team of judges from all three organizations based on the quality of the analysis and the originality of the research.
The winners had the opportunity to present their papers during the Standards Education Convention on 22-23 October which took place alongside the IEC General Meeting in Busan, Korea.
An official award ceremony was held on 26 October during the IEC Council Open Session during which the award recipients were formally recognized by the IEC community. IEC President Jim Shannon congratulated each of the winners. He remarked, “We all know it is a fast-paced, changing world with standardization driving innovation and we have to ask ourselves what are the challenges that we are going to face in the years ahead. This is a global competition and I am happy to say that we received some outstanding papers this year from all over the world.”
Jan-Henrik Tiedemann, the IEC Academy Manager who steered the IEC – IEEE – KATS Challenge noted the high-calibre of the submissions received and the creativity and insight of all participants. He noted that “too often we treat standards as an add-on, a task that is to be considered once most of the analysis, design and prototype creation are completed. A key message from this Challenge we are celebrating, a message directed at developers, practitioners, academics and students alike, is that we all need to integrate standards as a fundamental element of our work, our practice and our curriculum”.
Winners received a monetary prize (USD 20 000 for first place, USD 15 000 the second place and USD 6 000 each for third place) which has been financed by the KATS sponsorship programme.
The IEC – IEEE – KATS Challenge is an example of the ties between the academic and standardization communities. Recognizing the unique perspective provided by academics, the IEC supports projects that can stimulate debate and bring new insight on the development and impact of international standards.
As James Shannon, IEC President, noted, “I think that one of the most important things we can do is to think very deeply about the future of standardization and to encourage as much as we can people who are analytical, whether they be from academia or the regulatory community or from other areas of interest to standard makers, to investigate how the standard community can best meet the needs of the future”.
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