Situated in Western South America on the South Pacific Ocean coast, Peru shares borders with Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Ecuador. It has a population of 31 million (July 2017 est.) and its capital is Lima. According to the World Bank Group, the GDP of the country in 2016 was USD 192 billion.
Peru’s topography, which ranges from the peaks of the Andes to the plains of the Pacific coastal regions and the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest and river, has a major impact on its economy. The Andes and the coastal areas are extremely rich in a variety of mineral resources, while the coast harbours many fisheries. The country is the world’s second largest producer of silver and copper.
Total electricity production amounts to 46,31 billion kWh while electricity consumption reaches approximately 41 billion kWh. The energy generated comes from fossil fuels for 62,6%, hydroelectric plants for 33,9% and other renewable sources for 4,3% (2015 est.).
Peru and the IEC
Peru joined the IEC Affiliate Country Programme in 2002 and, having adopted 50 or more IEC International Standards as national ones, as well as having set up a National Electrotechnical Committee (NEC), reached the Affiliate Plus status in 2010. In 2014, Rosario Uría, Director of the Standardization Department at INACAL, the Peruvian National Quality Institute, became Affiliate Leader, representing all Affiliate countries and liaising with IEC governing bodies. A year later, Peru took part in the Affiliate Mentoring programme, partnering with Mexico to increase the number of mirror technical committees in the country and participation in IEC work. Through ACAS, the Affiliate Conformity Assessment Status, Peru stakeholders, regulators in particular, were able to familiarize themselves with the IEC Conformity Assessment (CA) Systems and Schemes, thus learning how to verify the authenticity of IEC CA certificates.
Having gone through those stages, the natural next step was to apply for IEC membership, a formal request that was approved by Council in December 2017.
The electrotechnical interests of Peru are represented by the IEC National Committee (NC) of Peru. NC stakeholders are experts and professionals from different sectors, such as power generation (ENEL), power distribution (Luz del Sur, Distriluz Group), manufacturing, technology (including INACAL), academy, regulators and consumers.
The President of the Peruvian NC is Orlando Chavez Chacaltana, Director, Direction of Electricity Regulation at the Ministry of Energy and Mines. The Vice-President is José Ortiz Ugarte, Commercial Manager at INDECO, a national leader in the cable industry. The Secretary is Rosario Uría and the Assistant Secretary Carmela Morgan Valencia, Standardization Executive at INACAL.
Côte d’Ivoire is situated in Western Africa, on the North Atlantic Ocean coast and bordered by Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia and Mali. Its population is a little over 24 million. Yamoussoukro is its legislative capital and Abidjan its administrative and commercial capital. According to the World Bank Group, in 2016, the GDP of the country was USD 36 billion.
Agriculture engages about two-thirds of the Ivoirian population. The country is the largest producer and exporter of cocoa beans as well as a major producer and exporter of coffee and palm oil. Climatic conditions and the fluctuation in international prices for these commodities may have a big impact on the economy. Outside agriculture, the country is developing its gold mining sector and is increasingly exporting electricity to neighbouring countries.
Total electricity production amounts to 8,2 billion kWh while electricity consumption reaches approximately 5,7 billion kWh. The energy generated comes from fossil fuels for 66,9% and from hydroelectric plants for 31,3 (2015 est.).
Côte d’Ivoire and the IEC
Côte d’Ivoire joined the IEC Affiliate Country Programme in 2003 and, having adopted 50 or more IEC International Standards as national ones, as well as having set up a National Electrotechnical Committee (NEC), obtained Affiliate Plus status in 2012. The NEC was established within CODINORM, the Ivoirian Standardization Organization, now known as the National Committee of Côte d’Ivoire.
The NC has taken over from the NEC as host of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Technical Harmonization Committee for Electrotechnical Standards (THC5) and, as did the NEC, will actively participate in the standardization work of the African Electrotechnical Standardization Commission (AFSEC).
The President of the NC is Serge Ahoussou, Director of Research and Planning at Société des Energies de Côte d’Ivoire (CI-Energies). The Secretary is Alain Constant Assa, Director of Standardization at CODINORM.
Stakeholders represent companies in the electricity sector, academia, telecommunications, air navigation, manufacturers and distributors of electrical equipment, ministries, government agencies, administration, professional and consumer associations.
São Tomé and Principe, which consists of two archipelagos around the main islands of São Tomé and Principe in the Gulf of Guinea, west of Gabon and just north of the Equator, joined the Affiliate Country Programme in March 2018.
The country has a population of 201 025 (July 2017 est.) and its capital is São Tomé. Total electricity production is 66 million kWh and electricity consumption 61,4 million kWh (2015 est.).
About the Affiliate Country Programme
The Affiliate Country Programme reaches out to developing countries, giving them the opportunity to get involved with IEC without becoming members. Participating countries benefit from free IEC International Standards for national adoption. IEC Central Office helps them become more aware of the benefits of using International Standards and more familiar with the work of IEC.