Gilles Thonet, Head of ICT Standards Coordination, gave a comprehensive presentation of IEC standardization work, which contributes to the diverse technologies (components and IT systems), used in smart buildings and lighting, and why it is so important for these industries.
As buildings and homes become more intelligent, they contain more information and communication technology (ICT), audio, video and multimedia systems. Against this backdrop, IEC recently established a Standardization Evaluation Group, SEG 9, for smart home/office building systems.
Led by Convenor Kim Craig from Australia, the SEG is tasked with evaluating technology, market evolution trends and reviewing existing Standards. It will make recommendations to the Standardization Management Board (SMB) on the most appropriate structure for its standardization of smart home/office building systems.
According to IDC, a leading technology research company, by 2018, there will be 22 billion IoT devices installed, driving the development of over 200 000 new IoT apps and services. As facilities become smarter and more automated, the systems used will need to make sense of all the data gathered, as well as store and protect them.
ISO/IEC JTC 1, the Joint Technical Committee of the IEC and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and its subcommittees (SCs) follow key information technology trends, which are changing the landscape of the lighting and building management industries.
At the end of 2016, approval was given to establish a new subcommittee (ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 41), dedicated to the IoT. It is currently developing International Standards for IoT reference architecture (ISO/IEC 30141) and interoperability for IoT systems (ISO/IEC 21823) for the efficient processing of data exchanges between different IoT entities.
Facilities owners must manage a multitude of systems, such as heating and cooling, temperature and smoke sensors, energy meters, lighting and security surveillance cameras.
Today, compact, customized building management solutions are available through service bundling in the cloud, while interface devices, such as tablets and smart phones allow users to monitor and control the systems. IEC has already published Standards for cloud computing, which cover terminology and reference architecture.
All these systems collect huge amounts of data which must be accurately analyzed, exchanged and stored. IEC has also produced over 70 International Standards for data management and exchange.
As well as enabling buildings to function more efficiently, many of the automated systems, combined with wearable devices, adapt buildings to people’s requirements and preferences.
IEC TC 124 carries out standardization activities in the field of wearable electronic devices and technologies which include patchable, implantable, edible and electronic textile materials and devices.
In an increasingly digital age, the IoT offers innovative ways to help aging populations. IoT devices, buildings and other objects are embedded with electronics, software, sensors and network technology, which allow them to collect and exchange data with a view to helping save lives and assisting disabled people and those living with a variety of medical conditions, with everyday activities. Find out more in Smart cities for the golden years in e-tech issue 07/2016.
IEC Systems Committee for Active Assisted Living (SyC AAL) was established to keep abreast of market trends, enable accessibility of AAL systems and user interfaces and facilitate cross-vendor interoperability of AAL systems, products and components.
Smart buildings could be a hacker’s paradise if the diverse systems are not adequately protected. On top of this, the data generated by these systems must also be protected to ensure privacy.
The IEC Advisory Committee on information security and data privacy (ACSEC), coordinates activities related to information security and data privacy throughout IEC, and closely follows research activities and trends.
Additionally, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 17 produces Standards for cards and personal identification, which are often used to access buildings. Covering IT security techniques, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 27 has published more than 160 Standards for the protection of information and ICT, which address security and privacy aspects.
About the event
Sparc-FMA is a joint initiative of the Lighting Council Australia and the Facility Management Association of Australia. The event was held during the 2017 Vivid Sydney festival.