Every year has its lot of hurricanes hitting coastal communities, landslides, earthquakes and tsunamis leaving huge areas totally devastated or blizzards icing in towns and villages. They are all headline news material. Natural disasters can strike anywhere in the world at any time. Many experts point the finger at climate change for the increased intensity of storms, flooding and drought that affect millions of people throughout the world.
Preventive measures are taken on both the domestic and international levels, designed to provide permanent protection from disasters. Not all disasters, particularly natural ones, can be prevented, but the risk of loss of life and injury can be mitigated with good evacuation plans, environmental planning and design standards.
Technological advances also play a major role in the way we apprehend disaster preparedness and relief. Landslide, earthquake or tsunami warning systems can help authorities take necessary measures to evacuate a specific area well in advance of their occurrence. Drones can run reconnaissance missions in disaster areas and, among other things, spot stranded people and make food and medical supply drops to remote and isolated areas. Open-source portable telecom tower can help restore telecommunications and rescuers wearing exoskeletons can search through and clear heavy rubble, often saving many lives in the process.
In many cases, populations hit by natural disaster also have to deal with aggravating issues such as power outages on a large scale. When the electricity supply goes, it affects healthcare, clean water, safe food, sanitation, lights, to name but a few of the consequences associated with power cuts, and makes recovery even harder.
IEC standardization and conformity assessment work plays an important role in reducing risk and avoiding major disasters by:
The IEC White Paper Microgrids for disaster preparedness and recovery considers what needs to be done in anticipation of major electricity outages as well as for post-disaster recovery.